Promoting of Appliance of Energy Efficiency and Transformation of the Refrigerating Appliances Market in Ghana


 Seized refrigerators ready for dismantling and degasifycation. (Photo credit: Bossman Owusu/UNDP in Ghana)

The objective of the project is to improve the energy efficiency of appliances marketed and used in Ghana through the introduction of a combination of regulatory tools such as Minimum Energy Performance Standards and Information Labels (S&L), and innovative economic tools. The project seeks to strengthen the regulatory and institutional framework, develop monitoring and enforcement mechanisms, and provide training to appliance professionals, while exploring and testing efficient market-based economic incentives complemented by repeated public outreach campaigns.

Domestic refrigeration appliances are the first end-use devices to be tackled, with a specific focus to address ozone depleting substances contained in the current stock of equipment. In this regard, one of the main components of the project is the “refrigerator turn-in and rebate scheme”, which provides incentives to consumers to return their old refrigerator in exchange for a discounted efficient one. This scheme is handled by the Energy Commission in partnership with retailers, banks and a private company running a refrigerator dismantling facility. For more information:


●    An appropriate legislation to establish the minimum energy efficiency standards for refrigerators (LI 1958) and ban the importation of used refrigerating appliances (LI 1932) in Ghana.

●    By the end of the project, most established retailers and a majority of importers made the selling of better energy performing refrigerating appliances part of their normal business practice, generally complying with S&L requirements.

●    Market share of imported new refrigerators is over 80%. Human capacity at the Inspectorate Unit of Energy Commission has been boosted to enforce compliance to the energy efficiency labels.

●    7,257 old refrigerators traded in through a rebate programme; an additional 25,000 old refrigerators were intercepted at ports by the end of the project (December 2014). An additional 7,000 have been intercepted in 2015/16 through ongoing enforcement activities. The rebate scheme constituted an innovative form of partnership as its running required the collaboration of several stakeholders present in the market: the Energy Commission, to provide overall administration and oversight; retail shops, to collect old refrigerator and sell energy efficient ones; banks, to process rebate claims and provide consumer loans; scrap dealers, to dismantle the old refrigerators; the Environmental Protection Agency, to dispose of the recovered ozone depleting substances.

●    32,257 old refrigerators were environmentally sound recycled. To do so, the Energy Commission partnered with two private companies that set up dismantling and degasifying facilities for refrigerators.

●    Television (documentary, animated film, adverts from retailers…) but also regular radio campaigns (jingles and interviews in popular shows) were successfully launched to inform the general public about energy efficient appliances and the 5-star labels.

●    A testing laboratory was set up for the enforcement of S&L for refrigerators and freezers and is located within the grounds of the Government Standards Authority (GSA). Apart from verifying the compliance of appliances with the standards, the laboratory can provide technical support for potential investors and the private sector to create a new market for the manufacturing of refrigerators and/or freezers in Ghana.


Funding for this project amounted to a total of US$ 3.1 million with US$ 1.7 million in GEF financing and US$ 1.4 million of co-financing from the Government of Ghana, UNDP and the Multilateral Fund of the Montreal Protocol

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