Comparative Experience in Electoral Administration and the Arab World
This paper comprises four sections. First, a summary of findings and lessons learned is provided on the different institutional models and experiences in the structuring and functioning of electoral management bodies (EMBs). Second, findings and conclusions on the cost of elections are also summarised. Third, the current state of EMBs in the Arab World and possible alternative developments in view of preparation of future elections are discussed. Finally, a closing section follows with concluding remarks based on comparative experience of EMBs during transitions.