Promoting inclusive growth and development
Although Ghana is currently said to be one of the fastest growing economies in the world, the country’s remarkable growth story has not been equally spread as the growth process has been characterized by low employment generation, declining agricultural output as well as widening income disparities. The three northern savannah regions, rural dwellers and food crop farmers have especially been marginalized from the fruits of economic prosperity.
To improve employment opportunities, UNDP would partner with ministries, departments and agencies to formulate and implement national and sectoral policies to enhance opportunities for productive employment and income generation.This is through a sustainable housing initiative to promote the use of local building materials and technology for the development of low-cost housing in the northern regions of Ghana, with the view of providing sustainable and affordable housing and skills for women and youth. Through this initiative, critical social infrastructure such as schools and clinics would be built and equipped with solar energy in collaboration with the Ministry of Energy. Vulnerable groups would also be empowered through improved access to and usage of ICT equipment.
The major underlying factors of inequality in Ghana are the lack of economic opportunities, access to productive resources and technology; and low productivity, especially in the informal sector and food crop farmers, particularly in the northern savanna. Reducing inequality therefore requires a mix of pro-poor policies and strategies which target the informal sector and vulnerable groups such as food crop farmers, the youth and women. Proper targeting requires timely production and management of reliable data for evidence-based planning. Consequently, UNDP Ghana partner key national, policy and management institutions to produce and manage data and undertake analytical work to inform the formulation of evidence based human development policy, strategic planning, monitoring and evaluation, management capacity and enhance the capacity of the citizenry to participate in the development process and take advantage of emerging economic activities.
Through UNDP technical support and policy guidance, the NDPC (National Development Planning Commission) was able to advocate for inclusive planning development at the 2012 Government and Development Partners (DPs) Consultative Group meeting. The paper on MDGs and Equity informed the compact that was signed between Government and DPs and is expected to influence the formulation of the 2013-2017 National Medium Term Development Plan.
A Western Region Human Development Report (WHDR) has also been launched with the purpose of deepening the understanding of how poverty, vulnerability, human security, employment, livelihoods, governance, and environment affect human development. It also provides baseline data on human development in this resource-rich region for future evaluation of how the resources of the region have since the exploration of oil, impacted on human development. The WHDR provides recommendations on how institutions and governance capacities structures should change so that all citizens of the region can benefit from the oil find and prevent the potential negative impacts of what is commonly referred to as the “resource curse”.
UNDP continued to support the production of the biennial National MDG Reports on Ghana’s progress in the attainment of the MDGs and highlight areas requiring attention. The 2012 MDG Report serves as the basis for the National Consultative Process for Ghana’s Post 2015 Development Agenda. In addition to supporting the roll-out of Millennium Acceleration Framework (MAF), UNDP continued to assist MAF implementation and monitoring of results in the most deprived areas of the country.
The total project budget is US$ 5 Million, sourced from UNDP TRAC and UNDP Poverty Trust Fund.