SWITCH Africa Green Project implementation in Ghana
Ghana continues to suffer from unsustainable consumption of natural resources such as forests, minerals, water bodies and fisheries. Development efforts based on resource efficient and cleaner production are recognised as an essential requirement for achieving sustainable development while addressing the persistent environmental degradation.
SWITCH Africa Green project is therefore designed and implemented to Ghana in addition to 5 countries in Africa (Burkina Faso, Kenya, Mauritius, South Africa and Uganda) to achieve sustainable development by engaging in transition towards an inclusive green economy, based on sustainable consumption and production (SCP) patterns, while generating growth, creating decent jobs and reducing poverty. The objective will be achieved primarily through support to private sector led inclusive green growth. SAG is implemented by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
UNEP has overall responsibility for coordination and project management and reports to the European Union who is the funding institution. The total funding for the project is 19 million Euros.
The project has three components: policy support, business development and networking facility. The business development support component gives grants to intermediary organizations to provide direct interventions for Micro, Small and Medium Scale enterprises (MSMEs) to equip them with tools and services to green their businesses. In Ghana, the implementing national entity is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with oversight from its parent ministry of Environment Science Technology and Innovation (MESTI). The United Nations Development Programme-Ghana is ensuring in-country coordination of the project and implementing monitoring and evaluation in relation to the business development component.
· The National Technical Coordination Committee (NTCC) responsible for the overall implementation and steering the project constituted. The Terms of Reference (TOR) of the NTCC has been approved by its first meeting. So far the NTCC has held 5 meetings.
· A total of USD 1,221,411.86 has been approved for 5 organizations (grantees): Association of Ghana Industries (AGI), University of Cape Coast (UCC), Kumasi Chamber of Commerce and Industries (KCCI), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Ghana National Cleaner Production Center (GNCPC) to implement various green economy interventions (see Annex for details). The projects range from installation of efficient cook stoves, biogas digesters, to e-waste management, implementing industrial symbiosis and establishment of one-stop business and policy centre for MSMEs.
In terms of the grantee specific achievement, the results so far achieved are as follows:
ü An assessment of the baseline for the project through process mapping, process characterization and energy audits has resulted in the mapping of 2, 097 gari, fish and pito processors.
ü Based on the result of the baseline study, the project designed and built 9 improved cookstoves (Lawrence stove and traditional improved 3-stone stove) with a unique insolation technology through the use of kawool in the fuel combustion in the pilot areas of Adaklu, Nandom and Ekumfi Narkwa.
ü An additional 8 cookstoves have been requested by the MSMEs and are under different stages of construction using the 75:25 payment scheme (project takes 75% and the MSME beneficiary takes 25% of the cost of construction of the cookstoves).
ü An energy audit undertaken by the Institute of Industrial Research (IIR) of the Center for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) established that in comparison with traditional cookstoves, the project's improved institutional biomass cookstoves (used by the gari processors) improves energy efficiency by 36.5% and makes savings on cooking time of 41% and also increases production by about 42%.
ü EPA identified gaps in e-waste management and provided inputs into the draft e-waste regulations and hazardous and e-waste management bill. Additionally, the project has provided awareness for the parliament select committee on the draft bill in contribution to the laying and passage of the bill in parliament.
ü Assessment of the training requirements and needs in e-waste has been conducted and the results validated. Training modules are being developed in conjunction with COTVET. The first batch of trainees is currently being recruited.
ü GNCPC has undertaken a review of legal framework on renewable energy, waste to energy and reports on biogas project. The result in the form of recommendations shall be submitted to parliament on the ongoing building codes and national biogas strategy.
ü A project innovation introduced is the development of the calculator of biogas calculator. The calculator is able to generate information on the type and quantity of feed, generation of methane, savings as LPG equivalence and quantity and cost of materials for construction.
ü In collaboration with COTVET, the project is designing training materials for the certification of practitioners at various levels. Accreditation processes with COTVET for GNCPC to conduct the training is far advanced with the completion and submission of requisite information. Assessment of staff qualifications and skills and course content has also been approved.
ü The Eco-Business and Policy Center has been established at the University of Cape Coast under the project to provide operational and management support to the project.
ü 105 MSMEs have been recruited and oriented on the business opportunities and on the Ghana Industrial Symbiosis Project (GhISP).
ü Business Opportunities Workshop (BOW) and Environmental Management Systems (EMS) workshop conducted, where MSMEs were trained on synergy and environmental management system.
ü Following the Business Opportunities Workshop (BOW) and Industrial Symbiosis (IS) workshop 75 MSMEs were registered in the SYNERGIE software, 142 potential synergies were identified. Out of this, 30 have been facilitated through targeted visits. 1 synergy (Kamoko and Kumasi Wood Village) is at an advanced stage but has not been completed. Additionally, a total of 230 resources (40,000 tonnes) were identified and available for matching.
The total funding for the project is 19 million Euros.