Institutional Support to the Implementation of the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) Action Plan
Ghana is one of the first countries to embark on the UN Secretary General’s Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) Initiative, which aims to achieve three goals by 2030 globally:
1. Energy Access: ensure universal access to modern energy services;
2. Energy Efficiency: double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency; and
3. Renewable Energy: double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
In the case of Ghana, the Government decided to focus on increasing universal energy access by off-grid community-based electrification, improving access to modern fuels for cooking (improved cook stoves and LPG), and promoting the productive uses of energy. In this connection, the Energy Commission (national focal point for SE4ALL), with technical and financial support from UNDP, developed the SE4ALL Action Plan, which was officially launched at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012. The Action Plan identifies key bottlenecks/barriers and proposes critical actions and commitments to address prioritized needs in the energy sector towards the attainment of the objectives outlined above.
UNDP is now supporting the implementation of the Action Plan, specifically focusing on improved cookstoves and monitoring of energy access:
1. Develop and enforce a regulatory framework for the improved cookstoves market in Ghana. In order to ensure that all cookstoves available on the market are efficient and also have low emission levels, technical standards for improved cookstoves will be developed in collaboration with Ghana Standards Authority. A testing, certification and expertise center will be established in Kumasi (KNUST) to conduct efficiency, performance, technical and emission level tests on improve cookstoves manufactured or imported into the country. The project will also conduct an awareness creation campaign in collaboration with the Ghana Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (GHACCO)
2. Develop a participatory system for monitoring and evaluating energy access programmes in Ghana. It will build on and sharpen the existing GIS-based Energy Access Review (GEAR) Toolkit, developed by the Energy Center (TEC) as an interactive computer-based decision support system for compiling, analysing and presenting data for energy access policy and planning using Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques. It will provide policy makers and planners with detailed information on access to electricity, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) and renewable energy sources.
• Collaboration between Energy Commission and Ghana Standards Authority to develop the standards is ongoing.
• Nationwide mapping of stakeholders in the clean cookstoves supply chain conducted
• GEAR toolkit enhanced and upgraded. The old database in the enhanced toolkit was updated with data on energy access. Household data on lighting and cooking sources have also been added to the database.
The total budget is $527,000: $437,000 come from UNDP TRAC resources, and $90,000 come from the UNDP Regional Energy Programme. As at May 20, 2014 total expenditure was $150,000.