Environmental Sustainability and Policy for Cocoa Production in Ghana


The “Environmental Sustainability and Policy for Cocoa Production in Ghana” project is a partnership between the Ghana Cocoa Board (COCOBOD) and UNDP. The overall objective of the project is to create institutional systems, tools and policies to rehabilitate cocoa landscapes; conserve and expand forests, forest buffer zones and corridors; and incentivize cocoa farmers to adopt environmentally friendly best practices.

The project works to address key policy issues that pose major environmental threats to sustainable cocoa landscapes and to strengthen the institutions that work in the sector. Furthermore, the project is piloting mechanisms that serve as incentives to farmers to adopt environmentally sound production practices resulting in the rejuvenation of ecosystem goods and services, on-farm biodiversity, and increased productivity.

Taken together, project activities will promote a model that can be adopted nationally to enhance the capacity of COCOBOD and other stakeholders in the cocoa sector including farmers to participate in selected activities to maximize the economic benefits of sustainable production and biodiversity conservation as a counterweight to factors driving deforestation and environmental degradation. Lessons learned in the course of the implementation will be widely disseminated, especially to promote green commodities on the international market.


In collaboration with the Ghana Cocoa Board, cocoa farmers in 166 communities were sensitized on prevailing forest laws and tree registration process, followed by the distribution of 263,000 economic tree seedlings to 3,160 farmers. This has resulted in the growing of shade trees in 1,200 ha of cocoa farms.  

At the policy level, prevailing land and tree tenure policy and their implications for sustainable cocoa farming was analyzed to provide knowledge basis and policy recommendation.


The total budget is US$ 1.7 million and it is financed by the Mondelēz Cocoa Life

Project start date
Project end date
Geographic coverage
Focus Area
Sustainable Development
Project Focal Point
Namho Oh
Ghana Cocoa Board (COCOBOD), Ghana’s Forestry Commission, Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana, Mondelez Cocoa Life programme, Cocoa farmers, Care International, VSO, Worldvision
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