Community Resilience through Early Warning
The Community Resilience through Early Warning (CREW) Project was established in 2013 under the partnership of UNDP and Government of Ghana through the National Disaster Management Organisation with funding support from Norwegian Government to deliver some of the key components of the Ghana Plan of Action for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation programme (CCA) 2005-2015.
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is an urgent and significant development issue in Ghana. Recognizing the importance of strengthening DRR capacities in achieving sustainable development and poverty reduction in Ghana, this project aims to build capacities within the country to reduce disaster risk by putting in place an integrated early warning system that is both scientific and people-centered.
Through the implementation of hazard mapping, early warning, and vulnerability assessment and reduction, the project aims to achieve 1) a reduction of economic and human losses and damages from priority disasters, and 2) establishment of effective early warning and communication for priority hazards to reduce disaster risks in the 10 pilot sites by 2016.
Pilot districts: Accra (GAR), Cape Coast (CR), Shama (WR), Akatsi (VR), Fanteakwa (ER), Kumasi (AR), Techiman (BAR), Bunkpurugu-Yunyoo (NR), Bawku West (UER), Lawra (UWR)
Accomplishments – progress and key achievements (as of June 2017)
● The project developed the first ever multi hazard Early Warning System and EWS Master Plan for Ghana. The entire country will indirectly benefit from the interventions under this project through reduced losses in GDP due to disasters. The direct beneficiaries are the populations in the 10 demonstration sites (5 urban and 5 rural) that are currently at risk to disasters caused by natural hazards. The indicative number of direct beneficiaries whose lives have been impacted by the EWS is estimated at 5,880,637.
● Early Warning communication equipment have been procured and installed at the NADMO HQ and in 20 subnational offices. The Community Resilience through Early Warning system (CREW EWS) uses open free of charge satellite based meteorological data and provides a basic flood and drought forecast for all the pilot areas. The CREW EWS exists of two systems: an expert system that collects data, calculates forecasts and presents all relevant data and a web dissemination tool called “Dashboard” that visualizes specific warnings and flood hazard information through a dedicated website. With the aid of these systems, the skill in estimates of the intensity of rainfall is expected to improve to provide reasonably accurate rainfall forecasts to issue early warning issue significant lead-time early warning information.
● Floods and droughts, hazards, vulnerability and risk maps at current (2010) and future scenarios (2050) have been developed for the entire country and the 10 pilot districts.
● Over 30 young professionals from NADMO, Water Resource Commission (WRC) and Hydrological Service Department (HSD) have been trained in conducting risk assessment and updating of risks maps and effective EWS operations. These trainings have enhanced the capacity of NADMO officials at the national level and 10 Districts to effectively man the Web based Emergency Operation centres.
● Seven Automated Weather Stations have been installed to provide highly accurate forecasts and provide real time meteorological information to the EWS.
● As part of UNDP’s efforts to increase the adaptive capacity of rural communities to climate change impacts, while supporting the Government of Ghana to achieve Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - Access to clean water and sanitation - the CREW project supported the drilling of 22 operational boreholes in 22 communities in the Bawku West and Bunkpurugu-Yunyoo Districts of the Upper East and Northern regions respectively. These boreholes are providing access to clean water to over 10,000 beneficiaries, mainly women and children.
● Constructed a 25-meter footbridge benefiting over 20,000 residents of Alogboshie in Accra. The initiative forms part of efforts by the project to reduce the risks associated with disasters, especially in flood-prone areas.
● Constructed 3m X 2m X 12m Double Cell Box Culvert and Earth Channel Improvement for Asuyeboa Stream. This is expected to benefit over 25,000 residents.
● Established over 20-acre irrigation facility at Bagre in the Lawra District of the Upper West region. This facility is expected to benefit over 15 poor households mainly headed by women.
● Constructed 1.2m Diameter Precast Pipe Drain & Single Cell 2.5m X 1.5m Box Culvert & Earth Channel Improvement at New Onyinase in the Brong Ahafo region.
The project budget is $ 5,162,667.