China-Ghana South-South Cooperation on Renewable Energy Technology Transfer
The China-Ghana South-South Cooperation on Renewable Energy Technology Transfer Project (RETT) is a four year (2015-2018) tripartite initiative to facilitate the transfer of knowledge and technology between China and Ghana, by building on China’s unique experience in renewable energy development via south-south cooperation with funding support from Government of Denmark. The project forms an integral part of the Government of Denmark’s commitment to enabling coherent cooperation between China and countries in Africa, in the promotion of the UN’s Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) initiative.
While at the national level electricity access in Ghana has increased to 76%, rural areas lag with only 40% access, which has a negative impact on rural development in Ghana. Electricity provides lighting, commercial opportunities, access to water and health care, connects rural communities with urban centers through information technology. However, connecting rural communities to the national grid is often faced with geographic barriers and financial constraints. In this context, this project aims to contribute to Ghana’s attainment of universal energy access by effectuating off-grid community-based electrification by increasing the share of renewable energy and promoting the productive uses of energy.
This project is a collaboration of the Energy Commission in Ghana, the Ministry of Science and Technology in China together with the UNDP Country Offices in Accra and in Beijing. The project operates both at the upstream level (supporting the creation of an enabling environment for technology transfer) and downstream level (actual transfer and demonstration of technologies with potential up scaling by the private sector). The planned support is not to transfer hardware per se, but to focus on the institutional framework and capacity required to make the local absorption of renewable energy technologies effective, and to provide a boost for socio-economic development through technology research, development, transfer and training. The project will also promote the production including assembling of renewable energy technologies in Ghana with an emphasis on private sector development and inclusion. In China, the project will support the review and updating of South-South Cooperation policies and guidelines and build solid capacity for China to engage more systematically in South-South Cooperation.
Accomplishments – progress and key achievements (as of 30 June 2017)
● Two key reports on “Renewable Energy Policy Review” and “Barriers to Renewable Energy Technology Transfer” have been published. They provide key inputs for the development of the Ghana Renewable Energy Masterplan and articulate how to overcome the barriers in policy and markets for renewable energy technology transfer.
● The project has supported the Government of Ghana to develop the Renewable Energy Masterplan (REMP). This plan provides a roadmap for the development of the renewable energy sector, in line with the Renewable Energy Act 2011 (Act 832), with approximately 2,561 MW of installed renewable energy capacity by 2030.
● Ghana plans to develop renewable energy demonstration projects such as wind, solar, mini-hydro, biogas and improved cooking solutions to enhance energy access via business models for the promotion and adoption of renewable energy technologies for productive uses. As of 30 June 2017, pre-feasibility studies have been conducted and potential sites identified. Match-making between Chinese and Ghanaian companies is ongoing.
The project budget is $ 2,720,000, and donor is Denmark.