Hydro chlorofluorocarbon Phase-out Management Plan for Ghana
The Montreal Protocol on Ozone Depleting Substances is an international treaty designed to protect the earth’s fragile ozone layer by banning as well as phasing out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances such as CFCs, HCFCs and halon and reducing their abundance in the atmosphere.
Ghana ratified the Montreal Protocol on 24 July 1989. In 1991, it established the National Ozone Office within the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to respond to mandates of the amended Montreal Protocol. In this regard, the project seeks to provide institutional strengthening support to the National Ozone Office. Historically consumption of HCFCs in Ghana has typically been HCFC-22 used as a refrigerant in the refrigeration servicing sector of residential and commercial air conditioners and chillers as well as refrigeration equipment with larger refrigerant charge, such as commercial and industrial refrigeration equipment.
The first stage of the project (2010-2020) aims to establish an enabling environment for safe use of hydrocarbon refrigerants and to initially phase out 17.3 tonnes of substances with Ozone Depleting Potential (ODP), i.e. 35 per cent of the initially-estimated baseline for HCFC consumption by 1 January 2020. This will be implemented through a combination of regulations, training and certification of technicians, focused sensitization of target groups, refrigerant recovery and retrofit projects and end-user incentive programmes.
Accomplishments – progress and key achievements (as of August 2017)
● A legal framework for the management of Hydro chlorofluorocarbon Phase-out Management Plan (HCFC) in Ghana has been prepared.
● Refrigerant Recovery Recycling Project (RRRP): 11 refrigeration centres have been contracted, trained and equipped to carry out the conversion of air conditions to environmentally friendly refrigerants. As of December 2015, about 11 tons of HCFC-22 were recovered from 4,531 air conditioners that were converted to HC290.
● The Centre of Excellence in Refrigeration and Air Conditioning has been established at the Accra Technical Training Centre to provide training to electrician, refrigeration operations, government agencies on how to use and handle hydrocarbon refrigerants. Two additional training centres are being established. The project has made progress to enhance the performance of refrigeration practitioners in good refrigeration practices in the trade in order to produce seasoned and well equipped technicians.
● Training was provided for customs officials at the ports and borders for the southern part of the country to identify imported refrigerants.
Total project budget for the entire period (2010-2020) is USD 1,681,311. So far, four tranches have been released by the Multilateral Fund for the Montreal Protocol for a total amount of USD 1,073,075.