Promoting of Appliance of Energy Efficiency and Transformation of the Refrigerating Appliances Market in Ghana
The primary objective of the project is to improve the energy efficiency of appliances marketed and used in Ghana through the introduction of a combination of regulatory tools such as Minimum Energy Performance Standards and Information Labels (S&L), and innovative economic tools. The project seeks to strengthen the regulatory and institutional framework, develop monitoring and enforcement mechanisms, and provide training to appliance professionals.
The project is exploring and testing efficient market-based economic incentives complemented by repeated public outreach campaigns. Domestic refrigeration appliances are the first end-use devices to be tackled, with a specific focus to address ozone depleting substances contained in the current stock of equipment.
One of the main component of the project is the “refrigerator turn-in and rebate scheme”, which provides incentives to consumers to return their old refrigerator in exchange for a discounted efficient one. This scheme is handled by the Energy Commission in partnership with retailers, banks and a private company running a refrigerator dismantling facility. For more information: http://www.energyguide.org.gh/
(1) An appropriate legislation has been enacted to establish the minimum energy efficiency standards for refrigerators (LI 1958) and ban importation of used refrigerating appliances (LI 1932). Human capacity at the Inspectorate Unit of Energy Commission has been boosted to enforce compliance to the energy efficiency labels.
(2) Television and radio campaigns were successfully launched to inform the general public on energy efficient appliances, standards and labels. One of the biggest successes in terms of raising consumer awareness has been the inclusion of the refrigerating appliance exchange program and an explanation of appliance energy standards and labels in an episode of a popular daily television soap opera. The segment lasted over 20 minutes and within the story line clearly explains the refrigerating appliance exchange program, explains appliance energy efficiency standards and labels and outlines the advantages of energy efficient appliances. Further, a documentary and animated film were prepared and aired on television. Jingles and interviews were aired on popular radio programs. Billboards, posters and pamphlets have been prepared to advertise the rebate program. Further, the project has a well-designed web site (www.energyguide.org.gh) that features project activities and videos.
(3) A rebate and turn in programme has been launched and piloted in Accra in September 2013 and rolled out to the whole country in May 2013. The programme is meant to provide economic incentives to consumers to turn in their old inefficient refrigerators in exchange for energy efficiency ones that are purchased at a discounted price. The rebate scheme constitutes an innovative form of partnership as its running requires the collaboration of several stakeholders present in the market: the Energy Commission, to provide overall administration and oversight; retail shops, to collect old refrigerator and sell energy efficient ones; banks, to process rebate claims and provide consumer loans; scrap dealers, to dismantle the old refrigerators; the Environmental Protection Agency, to dispose of the recovered ozone depleting substances.
(4) A dismantling and degasifying facility for refrigerators has been established as a joint venture with a private company, who provided equipment and training. The company collects, dismantles and recycles refrigerators received from the rebate program. Market value of recovered CFCs, metals and plastics is helping to ensure the facility is financially sustainable after the end of the project.
Total project budget for 2013 is US$ 857,958. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) provided US$ 667,958 while UNDP supported withh $ 190,000. Total delivery as at 20th May, 2014 was $1,650,000