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Localization of the Post-2015 Development Agenda in Ghana
Why Post-2015 Development Agenda?
As the deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approaches, a successor global development framework is required to advance global development agenda beyond 2015. The United Nations has been leading a process of open, inclusive consultations to solicit inputs on priorities and feedback on means of implementation to help define the future global development goals.
Ghana was one of the countries selected to host a series of stakeholder engagements in the first round of national consultations that took place in over 50 countries in 2012-13. The purpose was to solicit the priorities that should be the focus of the Post-2015 agenda – the “what”.
What was the outcome of the first consultation?
The National Development Planning Commission (NDPC) in partnership with the United Nations System in Ghana undertook a series of inclusive consultations with various stakeholders including individuals, Government representatives, Non-Governmental organizations, civil society organizations; Community based organizations, women groups, youth, children and the private sector.
With a national launch in the Northern Region, a northern sector consultation with over 250 stakeholders from diverse backgrounds was undertaken to solicit views on “what” the focus of our development agenda post-2015 should be. This was followed by Focus Group Discussions in 15 communities, reaching community-level stakeholders and professional groups in the southern sector. Social media, including Facebook and Twitter, as well as e-mail & text messaging were also utilised for indirect consultations with the public.
Issues that emerged from the national consultations bordered on employment, inequalities, environmental sustainability, food security, strengthened governance at all levels, population dynamics, health, education and support system for persons living with disability. These ideas were reflected in the Report of the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda submitted to the UN Secretary General in May 2013.
The second round of national consultations
To determine how to implement the recommended Post-2015 agenda, a second round of global consultations has been launched in 2014. This is to solicit views based on six key thematic areas, namely 1) Localization the Post-2015 agenda, 2) Helping to strengthen capacities and build effective institutions, 3) Participatory monitoring for accountability, 4) Partnerships with civil society, 5) Engaging with private sector and 6) Culture and development.
Ghana has been selected to hold a second round of national consultations on the localization of the Post-2015 agenda. The objective is to identify and propose critical elements that will allow a successful implementation of the new agenda at the local level. The results of these dialogues will inform various regional and international policy discussions and reports submitted to the UN Member States to deliberate and decide upon the Post-2015 development framework.
The second round of national consultations will take place at the community, district, regional and national levels. It will secure inputs through a series of surveys and outreach on Ghana’s experience of localizing the MDGs and issues related to greening the economy in the context of the emerging focus on sustainable development goals. Participants of the national level discussion will include policy makers and planners, local governments, civil society, academia, local communities, development partners and the private sector.
Theme of the national consultation
Localization of Post-2015 Development Agenda: Ghana has experience in the localization of the MDGs. This round of national consultation process will draw on this experience to stimulate inclusive dialogue on the means of achieving the Post-2015 development agenda. The process will also help to bring global and national goals to bear on local levels, in response to local needs and priorities.
The local consultations aim at reaching out to all segments of society and will rely on already established participatory and inclusive governance mechanism. This will ensure that stakeholders own, buy-in, implement, and monitor the future development framework.
Global progress on Post-2015 Development Agenda
Globally, the Post-2015 process and the discussions about the successor goals – Sustainable Development Goals – are going well. Governments have agreed that they will adopt a global political agenda that will promote sustainability in every country in the world.
There is an emerging consensus that poverty, education, health, energy, water, food and using culture as a vector for sustainable development will make it into the global development agenda. It is hoped that this universal agenda will tackle some of the challenging issues, including growing inequalities and management of natural resources.
There is bumpy way ahead though, particularly when the Member States discuss governance, peaceful societies and climate change. However, the governments have committed themselves to adopt the agenda at a global summit in September 2015 so that the vision, goals and targets can guide the MDGs successor goals at the end of 2015.
The consultation process has so far engaged almost two million people from 193 countries in shaping the debate on the Post-2015 agenda. A global discussion of how to improve implementation and measurement of goals and targets in the new development agenda is underway.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development